It is perhaps tempting to see this as suggesting that new electronic spaces are being created that transcend the spatial arrangements and constraints of mundane reality. We resist such an interpretation, though. The “technosocial situations” that Ito and Okabe detail are certainly forms of social and cultural practice that rely on information technology for the forms that they currently manifest. Still, they are firmly situated within, motivated by, and shaped in response to everyday life. Mobile-messaging technologies in the examples cited by Ito and Okabe do not create new spaces but rather allow people to encounter and appropriate existing spaces in different ways (see also Ellwood-Clayton 2003, 2005; Prøitz 2005). These new mobile practices, then, transform existing spaces as sites of everyday action. Far from seeing technology as creating a space apart, we view it as being fundamentally a part of how one encounters urban space and how it is shaped through technologically mediated mobility.
Dourish & Bell, Divining a Digital Future. 2011, MIT Press.